How to Deal With a Jumping German Shepherd

Learn how to deal with a jumping German Shepherd right now! This is a really common problem among many dogs and dog owners. It's a problem that many dog owners inadvertently encourage beginning from puppyhood. Just try and see if this situation sounds familiar to you.



A new GSD puppy owner brings home their new puppy. It's so cute and excited and jumps and leaps at our knees, over and over. In response to the cute jumping puppy's antics, the new owner leans down and pets the puppy.

That new puppy owner just rewarded their new puppy for jumping by reacting with all sorts of affection, and love. The puppy quickly learns that jumping is a good thing because it results in plenty of positive attention.

black German Shepherd

To your dog there is no difference between a jump as a small puppy or a jump as a huge adult dog. To your dog, a greeting is a greeting is a greeting.

It is your job to take matters into your own hands and make it perfectly clear to your dog that a jumping German Shepherd is not an option.

So, why does jumping happen in the first place?

Many GSD's simply don’t jump at all, apart from when their owner returns home after a relatively prolonged absence (like the average workday). If your dog is leaping up on you in these circumstances, there’s no sinister motivation at work here: he’s literally jumping for joy.

The main reason that most dogs jump up is simply out of excitement: it's an enthusiastic greeting, reserved for times when adrenaline is running high and the dogs happy about something.

A less common, but more serious, reason that some dogs will jump is to exert their dominance over you (or over whomever they're jumping on). Dogs are pack animals: they live in designated hierarchies of social rank and order.

Whenever a dog needs to assert his dominance over a lesser animal, one way of doing so is to declare physical superiority, which is usually done by "jumping up": he'll sling one or both paws over the other dogs shoulders.

You'll be able to tell the basic reason for your jumping German Shepherd simply by considering the circumstances surrounding the event. If he only jumps up in periods of great excitement (like during play-time, or when you return home from work) then he's clearly just demonstrating an exuberant frame of mind.

If the behavior occurs in a variety of situations, then it's more likely that he's expressing dominance over you, which is a more complex issue – the jumping is just a symptom of an underlying attitude and communication issue. Essentially, you'll need to make some serious adjustments to your overall relationship with your dog, and brush up on your alpha-dog techniques.

When is a jumping German Shepherd not appropriate?

Many owners of smaller dogs actually expect them to jump up on them. On the other hand, there's rarely a time where strangers will enjoy being jumped up on by an unknown dog, no matter what the dogs actual size. Personally, it's just common sense to teach your dog the "off" command, so that you're prepared for those incidences when you're not directly on hand to stop the jumping behavior.

For owners of large-breed dogs, like our beloved German Shepherds, the “off” (or “no jump”) command is mandatory. Big dogs are often taller than humans when they rear up on their hind legs (and just imagine the experience from a child’s point of view, with a dog’s slavering jaws looming above your own head!) – they’re often heavy enough to knock smaller adults head over tail. At the very least, a large dog’s paws are heavy enough to gouge long rents in cloth and exposed flesh. Bruising and scratches are unpleasant enough to deal with when they’re your own problem; but they’re much worse when your dog’s inflicted them on somebody else!

Really, any kind of jumping that involves anyone apart from yourself is just bad form. All owners with even pretensions of responsibility should arm their dogs with a reliable recall to the “off” command – just in case.

All 4 paws on the ground, please!

How you react to your jumping German Shepherd plays a big role in whether or not that behavior gets repeated. You're going to need to make a prolonged effort to be consistent in how you choose to deal with this problem: for your dog to stop jumping, he needs to be taught that it is never ever acceptable for him to do so.

This means that you can't allow him to jump sometimes, but forbid him from doing it at other times. Your dog can't understand the difference between a playful and an irritable mood, or your work and play clothes: all he understands is that, if you allow him to jump up on some occasions, he'll try to jump up on you whenever he feels like it, because he doesn't know any better.

Stopping the jumping German Shepherd

Most trainers agree that the most effective way for you to weed out unwanted behaviors (like jumping) in your German Shepherd is also the easiest: all you have to do is simply ignore him whenever he jumps up. The idea is to give him the cold shoulder: withdraw all attention, even negative attention (so no yelling, shoving, or corrections).

Here's how to implement this training technique: whenever your German Shepherd jumps up on you, turn your back straight away. Since dogs understand body language a lot more clearly than they do the spoken word, you're going to be using your posture to convey the message that such behavior isn't acceptable here: fold your arms, turn your back, turn your face away from him and avert your eyes.

This is where a lot of people make a mistake: they confuse ignoring the behavior with ignoring the dog. You’re not ignoring the behavior - i.e., you’re not carrying on with whatever you were doing as if the jumping wasn’t happening; you’re ignoring your dog. You’re still going to react; but your reaction is for you to actively ignore him.

The cold shoulder is a really effective way of communicating your displeasure to your jumping German Shepherd – he’ll catch on very quickly. Without the encouragement of your attention and your reactions to his behavior, he’ll calm down very quickly indeed.

When to praise the jumping German Shepherd

When all four paws are on the ground, then – and only then – you can praise the heck out of your "non" jumping German Shepherd!

Don’t be confused by the proximity of the positive reinforcement to the negative – dogs have a very short “training memory”, and are only capable of associating a reaction from you with whatever behavior it is they’re exhibiting at the time of that reaction.

So, it’s perfectly OK for you to react with wild enthusiasm the very second that his paws touch the ground, even if you were cold-shouldering him the split-second before.

Recommended Reading

For more information on understanding and solving canine behavioral problems, you’d probably be interested in checking out SitStayFetch. It’s a complete how-to manual for dog owners, and is packed with just about all the information you’ll ever need on dog psychology, canine communication how-to’s, practical advice for dealing with problem behaviors, and detailed step-by-step guides to obedience training.

Visit SitStayFetch to learn even more about dog behavior training. In fact, I highly recommend them.



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Thank you for this web site. Very informative and well written. I often advise my shepherd people to visit here for information. Again GREAT JOB. Laura Page Warden, DVM


What a fabulous website!!! I really enjoyed reading about the history of the dogs. There is a ton of helpful information on here and defiantly something for every reader to enjoy!!! Misty Weaver


Recently got a GSD again. Last time had GSD no internet etc. Cant believe how much info for free. Kenneth


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